National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) Scores

New York State and U.S. Public Schools, % at level

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Source: National Center for Education Statistics,

* Includes public schools only

There are three achievement levels for each grade assessed by NAEP (4, 8, and 12): Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. The following definitions apply to all subjects and all grades assessed by NAEP:

Basic: Indicates partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at each grade.

Proficient: Represents solid academic performance for each grade assessed. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject-matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to the subject matter.

Advanced: Signifies superior performance.



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The Empire Center is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank located in Albany, New York. Our mission is to make New York a better place to live and work by promoting public policy reforms grounded in free-market principles, personal responsibility, and the ideals of effective and accountable government.

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