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Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Note: Net internal migration is the difference between internal in-migration to an area and internal out-migration from the same area during a time period. Internal in- and out-migration consist of moves where both the origin and the destination are with in the United States (excluding Puerto Rico). The net internal migration rate is the percentage of an area’s total population per 1,000 at the midpoint of the time period.


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The Empire Center is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank located in Albany, New York. Our mission is to make New York a better place to live and work by promoting public policy reforms grounded in free-market principles, personal responsibility, and the ideals of effective and accountable government.

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