(A suitable-for-printing pdf version of the following, including source citations, can be downloaded by clicking here.)

Spearheaded by the state’s major public employee unions, the “New Yorkers for Fiscal Fairness” (NYFF) coalition is pushing for an increase in income taxes on households earning more than $1 million a year.   In support of this proposal, the coalition has released a radiocommercial that makes a series of misleading and inaccurate claims about tax and budget policy.   Here’s a response:


“The rich are getting richer. And with George Bush giving massive tax cuts for the rich, the wealthiest New Yorkers just aren’t paying their fair share.”


  • As of 2005, New York taxpayers with adjusted gross incomes of $1 million or more represented just 0.4 percent of all filers but generated 33.5 percent of state income tax liability (on 23.7 percent of total income).
  • The sharp decline in tax receipts growth in 2008-09 is due primarily to a decline in asset values and profits, whose impact is concentrated among wealthy individuals and investment firms; state finances are more stressed because many of the rich are not getting richer at the same pace as they were.
  • Bush’s tax cuts, especially the 2003 round, provided a shot in the arm to New York’s economy and promoted stronger growth in New York’s state income tax base.


“Some Albany leaders want to cut money for hospitals and nursing homes and reduce money for schools and colleges.”


  • No Albany “leader” has expressed a desire to “cut” or “reduce” health care or education. Quite the contrary: the 2008-09 Executive Budget would increase school aid by $1.5 billion, or 7 percent, on top of last year’s record increase—and leaders in both houses of the Legislature only want to spend more. General fund support for higher education would rise by 3 percent under the Spitzer budget—and more if the legislative leaders had their way. And even if the governor’s proposed changes in hospital and nursing home reimbursement formulas were adopted without change, total state-funded Medicaid spending would also rise by 7 percent.
  • The income tax increase is not being proposed as an alternative to dire “budget cuts” but as a way of increasing spending even faster. The Assembly Democrats’ budget, which includes the tax hike, calls for a state funds spending increase of 7.14 percent, according to a senate staff analysis.


“Taxing millionaires or cutting schools and health care – that’s an easy choice.”


Taxing millionaires or cutting schools and health care are not the only choice. The choices for reducing and restraining spending are as numerous as the line items in the $124 billion proposed budget. For example, more than a quarter-billion dollars in savings could be achieved merely by reducing the rate of school aid growth to 5 percent. More money could also be saved by taking advantage of natural attrition to reverse planned growth in the state payroll – and by seeking to reopen and modify generous new pay deals with state unions. Other savings could be generated for state and local taxpayers by, for example, reforming the Taylor Law and repealing the Wicks Law – to name just two of many cost-saving reforms that have been strenuously resisted by some of NYFF’s sponsors.


The State Funds budget grew by 34 percent during former Governor George Pataki’s final four years in office, and by a projected 7 percent during former Governor Eliot Spitzer’s truncated first term, largely on the strength of income taxes generated by high-income individuals and corporations. In the face of a potential recession, the state needs to restrain the out-of-control spending habits developed over the past four years. Higher marginal income tax rates will discourage the targeted individuals from living, working and investing in New York—the very last step the state ought to be considering in such a troubled economic climate.

About the Author

Tim Hoefer

Tim Hoefer is president & CEO of the Empire Center for Public Policy.

Read more by Tim Hoefer

You may also like

State Budget Proposal Doubles Down on Reckless Spending, Empire Center Says

After Governor Hochul’s budget unveiling this afternoon, Empire Center experts offered their reactions to the latest framework. Read More

DiNapoli aims to curb NY’s borrowing binge

Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli has unveiled a new proposal for constitutionally curbing the state’s seemingly uncontrollable appetite for borrowing. Read More

Hochul’s agenda mostly sidesteps health care

Governor Hochul gave health care surprisingly little attention in her State of the State speech on Tuesday – a sign that taking on dysfunction in one-sixth of the state's economy ranks low on her list of priorities. Read More

In State Budgeting, Process Matters

At a panel event in Albany being hosted by the tomorrow morning, The Empire Center’s EJ McMahon and other budget experts and observers will discuss the timely topic of state budget process reform. Read More

What Gov. Hochul must do to prevent a coming fiscal crash

The pandemic and its fiscal aftermath have given rise — temporarily — to a state budget trend unique in New York’s history. Read More

Empire Center Issues State Policy Guide 

The Empire Center for Public Policy has released a policy guide and briefing book focused on the most important issues confronting New York. Read More

Benchmarking New York 2021

To help New Yorkers compare certain basic fiscal measures for local governments, the Empire Center has calculated effective property tax rates and per-capita values for the spending, debt and tax levels throughout the state. Read More

Albany’s Underbaked, Overdue Budget Update Finally Arrives

The Hochul Administration has finally released an overdue budget report—which, on first look, shows the state's fiscal outlook virtually unchanged.  Read More

Empire Center Logo Enjoying our work? Sign up for email alerts on our latest news and research.
Together, we can make New York a better place to live and work!