top-secret-300x226-8743134Earlier this year, Governor Andrew Cuomo proposed a new disclosure standard requiring that details of proposed government union contracts be shared with the public before ratification.

Unfortunately—and not for the first time—the governor has failed to meet the standard himself.

Cuomo announced late last week that he had reached a six-year deal with United University Professions (UUP), the third-largest union of state employees. Most of the 36,000 people represented by UUP work for State University (SUNY), including faculty members and hospital workers. But the terms of the proposed deal, not to mention the draft agreement itself, weren’t included in the governor’s press release.

Under legislation proposed by Cuomo less than six months ago to “comprehensively reform” the state Freedom of Information Law (FOIL), that lack of disclosure wouldn’t fly.

Part G of “Good Government and Ethics Reform” bill packaged with Cuomo’s Executive Budget would have amended FOIL to require that public-sector collective bargaining agreements:

shall be made available to the public no later than when such proposed terms are sent to members of the employee organization for ratification, when such terms are presented to the employer for ratification, where applicable, or when the provisions of such agreement requiring approval by the appropriate legislative body pursuant to section two hundred four-a of the civil service law are submitted to such body, whichever date is earliest.

UUP members were able to begin reviewing the contract today on the “members only” section of their website. However, as of mid-afternoon, neither the governor’s office nor SUNY had made the contract available to the public.

This isn’t a new practice for New York’s governors, nor is it limited to just state-level deals. State and local officials alike have a long-standing tradition of conducting labor negotiations behind closed doors and announcing—and even adopting—labor agreements before the public can weigh in.

Secretive deals often lead to bad outcomes, as the Empire Center has documented previously. In Johnson City, a village outside Binghamton, trustees rushed through a 2008 pact for which the board made a math error that gave firefighters 41-percent raises, necessitating layoffs. That same year, a deal between the Utica school district and its teachers’ union slammed taxpayers with millions of dollars in new unfunded liabilities for decades to come—and was hidden from the public for days after the school board had adopted it. More recently, the 2016 contract between the Buffalo school district and its teachers union—retroactive to 2004—hiked costs by tens of millions of dollars but wasn’t shown to the public until after the board had adopted it.

In these cases, the union benefited from hiding the proposals from public criticism because they were bad deals for the taxpayers.

In the latest case, UUP also has an interest in minimizing the time its own members can see the deal. The union represents a disparate group of people with discrete, and competing, interests—positions ranging from hospital workers to lifeguards to professors—which are often in direct competition for state funding. Even among SUNY faculty, tension exists between the interests of tenure-track professors and adjuncts, where full- and part-timers have separate concerns.

There’s a possibility some UUP constituencies will see others as bigger winners, and UUP members may soon be free to do more than just vent on Twitter: if the U.S. Supreme Court rules in Janus v. AFSCME that people can’t be forced to pay government unions to keep their jobs, UUP-represented workers may choose not to keep paying the union one percent of their gross pay.

State government labor contracts typically require the enactment of enabling legislation, meaning the people’s representatives will still have a say (even though lawmakers haven’t rejected one such deal in modern history). But taxpayers still can’t see what the state put on the table in these talks, which informs how much future deals with other unions may cost.

Governor Cuomo took a big step in the right direction by proposing FOIL changes to make the results of labor negotiations public. These deals involve public money and can commit taxpayers to paying costs long after the officials who vote for them have left office.

The governor should now lead by example. He should immediately disclose the terms of the UUP deal—and publicly insist that all future negotiations take place in public view.

About the Author

Ken Girardin

Ken Girardin is the Empire Center’s Policy Analyst, performing detailed analysis of data and public policy in support of the Center’s research work.

Read more by Ken Girardin

You may also like

Hospitalization rising in some areas

Coronavirus hospitalizations are surging in parts of upstate, including three regions that the Cuomo administration authorized to begin reopening today. Read More

Essential Plan surplus hits $3B

As Governor Cuomo pleads for financial help from Washington, one of his state's programs is sitting on $3 billion in unspent federal aid: the Essential Plan. Read More

More fiscal turmoil for Medicaid

In a sign of pandemic-related strain on state finances, the Cuomo administration is postponing a series of multi-billion-dollar Medicaid payments over the next three months. Read More

Upstate escapes the worst

With the coronavirus pandemic hitting some parts of New York much harder than others, Governor Cuomo has signaled that he will begin to relax shutdown restrictions in low-virus parts of the state. Here's a closer look at how infection and fatality rates vary from region to region. Read More

Another Medicaid payment delay

State Medicaid spending dropped to nearly zero in March as the Cuomo administration again delayed payments to balance the state's books. Comptroller Tom DiNapoli's cash report for March, posted on Wednesday, showed just $9.2 million in Medicaid disbursements. The state's share of Medicaid spending averages almost $2 billion per month. The comptroller's numbers reflect so-called Department of Health Medicaid, which covers the bulk of the program but excludes most spending on recipients with mental disabilities. Read More

Why New York?

#NYCoronavirus: It's increasingly apparent that New York is suffering more severely from the coronavirus pandemic than any other part of the U.S. and most of the rest of the world – raising stark questions for city and state leaders. What is it about New York, and especially New York City, that made it especially vulnerable to infection and death? And how can that be changed before the next virus breaks loose? Read More

Covid-19 testing rates vary by region

#NYCoronaVirus: Downstate New Yorkers are three times more likely than upstaters to have been tested for Covid-19 – and four times more likely to have been positive when checked. Read More

Winning last year’s battle

The new state budget finally takes credible steps to address the Medicaid crisis of recent history. What's missing is a clear plan for weathering the far larger crisis of the present and future. Read More

Subscribe

Sign up to receive updates about Empire Center research, news and events in your email.

CONTACT INFORMATION

Empire Center for Public Policy
30 South Pearl St.
Suite 1210
Albany, NY 12207

Phone: 518-434-3100
Fax: 518-434-3130
E-Mail: info@empirecenter.org

About

The Empire Center is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank located in Albany, New York. Our mission is to make New York a better place to live and work by promoting public policy reforms grounded in free-market principles, personal responsibility, and the ideals of effective and accountable government.